Mr. Samir Shah

Samir S. Shah, MD, MSCE, is a pediatric hospital medicine and pediatric infectious diseases physician whose research focuses on improving the efficiency and quality of care of children, particularly those hospitalized with common, serious infections such as pneumonia and meningitis. Ongoing projects include studying the comparative effectiveness of different antibiotics in the treatment of community-acquired pneumonia and developing novel databases to conduct comparative effectiveness research. In his role as Chief Metrics Officer at Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center, he leads cross-departmental efforts to inform measure selection and promote organizational alignment to drive improvement at all levels of the care delivery system.
Dr. Shah serves as chair of the National Pneumonia Guidelines Committee, jointly sponsored by the Infectious Diseases Society of America and the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society. He is also vice chair of the Pediatric Research in Inpatient Settings (PRIS) Network, a hospital-based research network with >120 hospital members and >$28 million in extramural research funding over the past 8 years.

Dr. Shah is Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Hospital Medicine, the official journal of the Society of Hospital Medicine. He previously served as the Clinical Review and Education Editor for JAMA Pediatrics and as a founding associate editor of the Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society. In addition, he is editor or co-editor of 12 books in the fields of pediatrics and infectious diseases, including The Philadelphia Guide: Inpatient Pediatrics, Symptom-Based Diagnosis in Pediatrics, Comprehensive Pediatric Hospital Medicine, and Pediatric Infectious Diseases: Essentials for Practice, all published by McGraw-Hill Education.

Dr. Shah has received several prestigious awards for his research and leadership, including the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society Young Investigator Award, the Society of Hospital Medicine Excellence in Research Award, the Society of Hospital Medicine Teamwork in Quality Improvement Award, the Pediatric Hospital Medicine Award for Excellence in Research, the Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center Senior Faculty Mentoring Achievement Award, and the Academic Pediatric Association’s Miller-Sarkin Mentoring Award.

Pediatric infectious diseases; pediatric hospital medicine; community-acquired pneumonia; bacterial meningitis; observational study designs; administrative data sources.


BA: University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, 1993.

MD: Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, 1998.

Residency: Pediatrics, The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, 2001.

Fellowship: Pediatric Infectious Diseases, The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, 2005; Academic General Pediatrics, The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, 2005.

MSCE: University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, 2007.

Certification: Pediatrics, 2001, 2008; Pediatric Infectious Diseases, 2005.

View PubMed Publications

Mittal V, Hall M, Morse R, Wilson KM, Mussman G, Hain P, Montalbano A, Parikh K, Mahant S, Shah SS. Impact of institutional bronchiolitis clinical practice guideline implementation on tests and treatments. J Pediatr. 2014;165:570-576.

Neuman MI, Hall M, Gay JC, Blaschke AJ, Williams DJ, Parikh K, Hersh AL, Brogan TV, Gerber JS, Grijalva CG, Shah SS. Readmissions among children previously hospitalized with pneumonia. Pediatrics. 2014;134:100-109.

Queen MA, Myers AL, Hall M, Shah SS, Williams DJ, Auger KA, Jerardi KE, Statile AM, Tieder JS. Comparative effectiveness of empiric antibiotics for children hospitalized with community-acquired pneumonia. Pediatrics. 2014;133:e23-e29.

Williams DJ, Hall M, Shah SS, Parikh K, Tyler A, Neuman MI, Hersh AL, Brogan TV, Blaschke AJ, Grijalva CG. Narrow vs. broad-spectrum antimicrobial therapy for children hospitalized with pneumonia. Pediatrics. 2013;132:e1141-e1148.

Florin TA, French B, Zorc JJ, Alpern ER, Shah SS. Variation in emergency department diagnostic testing and association with outcomes in children with community-acquired pneumonia.

Myers AL, Hall M, Tieder JS, Jerardi K, Auger K, Wiggleton C, Statale A, Williams DJ, McClain L, Shah SS. Prevalence of bacteremia in hospitalized pediatric patients with community-acquired pneumonia.

Blaschke AJ, Byington CL, Ampofo K, Pavia AT, Heyrend C, Rankin SC, McGowan KL, Harris MC, Shah SS. Species-specific PCR improves detection of bacterial pathogens in parapneumonic empyema compared with 16S PCR and culture. Neuman MI, Hall M, Hersh AL, Brogan TV, Parikh K, Newland JG, Blaschke AJ, Williams DJ, Grijalva CG, Tyler A, Shah SS. Influence of hospital guidelines on the management of children hospitalized with pneumonia.

Ambroggio LV, Taylor JA, Tabb LP, Newschaffer CJ, Evans AA, Shah SS. Comparative effectiveness of beta-lactam monotherapy and beta-lactam-macrolide combination therapy in children hospitalized with community-acquired pneumonia
Brogan TV, Hall M, Williams DJ, Neuman MI, Grijalva CG, Farris RWD, Shah SS. Variability in processes of care and outcomes among children hospitalized with community-acquired pneumonia.


Understanding quality and costs in congenital heart surgery. Co-Investigator. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI). April 2014-March 2019.

Improving post-discharge outcomes by facilitating family-centered transitions from hospital to home. Principal Investigator. Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute. May 2014-Jan 2017.

Comparative effectiveness of home intravenous vs. oral antibiotic therapy for serious bacterial infections. Site Principal Investigator. Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute. 2013-Jan 2016.